Urinalysis is a process where urine is processed and tested in order to determine and diagnose urinary system related disorders and diseases. In order to accurately test urine, you have to place your urine sample in a specimen cup and then send it to a medical technologist for testing. So how do they test urine and what tests does it undergo?
Collection of Urine
For normal people, they can just simply do the aforementioned way. For people who can’t stand up or cannot urinate properly, a nurse can collect it using a foley catheter that is inserted in a person’s bladder. This might sound painful, but lubricating jellies are used to, of course, lubricate the tube that is inserted in the urethra in order to avoid pain. The urine collected is placed on a urine bag and a portion of it will be taken to a laboratory for testing.
Different Urine Tests
There are many tests that urine will go through. Some of which are color testing, transparency testing, specific gravity testing, biochemical testing and microscopic examination.
The color and the transparency tests are based on visual observation of the sample. Usually, urine should be transparent and straw yellow in nature. Other colors may be caused by medications, dietary sources, or diseases.
Specific gravity is the measure of concentration of dissolved solutes in urine. The result from this test reflects how well the kidney is concentrating urine.Biochemical testing is done using reagent strips such as the biostix 4sg. The use of this strip can determine Ketones, Glucose, Protein and pH, Leukocytes, Nitrites, Ketones, Bilirubin, Blood, Urobilinogen, and Specific Gravity levels in urine.
Microscopic examination refers to the test that determines whether microscopic organisms are the cause of the diseases and disorders of the urinary system. A well-known disease linked to microorganism infection is Urinary Tract Infection or U.T.I.Urinalysis is a part of the routine tests that determine the state of our well-being. Getting tested ensures that we are healthy and free from varieties of diseases and disorder linked to the urinary system such as kidney problems, U.T.I. and many more.
If you have constant abdominal or back pain, experience excruciating pain when you urinate, observe the presence blood in your urine, or other urinary problems, a doctor would most probably advice you to undergo urinalysis.
Being healthy is all that we want. We all want to live a long life. And in order for us to do that, we also need to do our part. We need eat healthy, protect our body from diseases by taking vitamins, and of course keep our body fit by exercising. Another way to do that is simply by having medical checkups and undergoing routine tests.
If you want to buy specimen cups and other aids in urination, you can visit us at our site Philippine Medical Supplies.
Some people would frown upon the professions of some people. They would laugh at what others do just because they find it inferior to what they are doing or they find it disturbing. Even people in the medical field experience this, especially nurses.
There are times when nurses have it really hard. Aside from checking in on patients, they also have to provide hands on care. For a typical person, a nurse’s job would really look difficult and of course, disgusting. Some patients would defecate or urinate on their beds, while some would puke. There are also instances when a nurse has to put a tube called Foley Catheter on a patients bladder just to help him urinate. Imagine the horrors!
A Nurse’s Job
Some patients have problems with their excretory systems, especially with their urine and fecal excretion. For those who can still walk and stand up, a nurse can assist a patient to urinate and to defecate in the comfort room. But for the unlucky ones, manual assistance is a must.
Patients with problems in the urinary tract would sometimes need a foley catheter, a tube inserted to the bladder to drain urine which is attached to a urine bag or a drainage bag. Before conducting this, cleanliness is also a must in health care that is why a nurse must first sanitize his hands with rubbing alcohol and must wear sterile gloves. The nurse must then first put an underpad under the patient to ensure that there would be no leaks falling on the bed of the patient. Imagine a thin nurse lifting up a huge patient just to put the pad in place. Inserting a tube down there sounds painful, but with the use of lubricating jelly, the catheter would be easily inserted in the bladder without much hassle and friction therefore avoiding pain.
It is also a nurse’s responsibility to ensure that wound dressings of patients must be changed regularly in order to avoid unwanted infections, to change the patient’s empty dextrose or PNSS, to check the temperature, the blood pressure, and to get samples from patients on a regular basis.
Some nurses would go for days without sleep! Imagine a 36 hour shift without nap breaks. How tiring must that be for nurses! Some people would even scream and throw a fit at nurses for not doing the things that they want to happen that shouldn’t happen.
Nurses are trained professionals and they do what they are trained to do. So before you rant or throw a fit at nurses, make sure that you had the same training as them. Let’s not put more burdens in their shoulders for they already have enough stuff to deal with in their hands. The next time you will shout at a nurse, ask yourself this question, “Am I willing to clean my relative’s buttocks?”. If no, then you might want to shut your mouth. 🙂
For more information on the materials used by nurse, try to visit our site Philippine Medical Supplies.
Opening a private medical practice is more than just investing in a defibrillator, an ECG machine and other medical supplies. There are many factors you need to consider before you actually open your services as a private medical practitioner. That’s why this venture is not an easy option to many.
However, starting a private medical practice offers a lot of benefits. It allows you to make your own business decisions, and it lets you be your own boss. While there are many challenges in the healthcare industry, it can’t be denied that it’s a decision that will help advance your career as a medical practitioner.
Consider the following tips to help you get started in your medical practice:
- Location is important. Make sure you pick the right location for your medical clinic or office. You want to be situated in an accessible, highly visible, and trafficked area. By merely being visible, you have a good chance of getting patients.
- Renting is the smartest choice when you’re starting out. It’s not a good idea to purchase a property right away. You want to be sure first that you have picked the right location. Rent an office for a couple of months or years first, and see how business grows. If the inflow of patients is consistent and good enough, then that’s the time you should consider buying a property for your office or clinic.
- Hire the right staff. Of course you need people to help you run your business. But be careful with whom you choose. You may gain or lose patients because of the staff you hire.
- Find a good accountant. One of the things you will find most challenging in having a private practice is business tax. Business taxes are complicated and, unfortunately, not all accountants out there understand the nuances of medical practices. Thus, you should look hard and well so you may end up with an accountant who will make things easy for you.
- Get a good supplier of medical supplies and equipment. There are many suppliers of medical equipment and supplies but not all of them are reliable. You should search the market really hard if you want to end up with a company that supplies only the highest quality digital BP Rossmax, GCU easy touch, foley catheter, capillary tube and others. Philippine Medical Supplies is one of the most reputable suppliers of top quality medical tools and equipment you can rely on.